Last update: Saturday, May 25, 2019

Urban and rural population during years 1950-2050

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Data on population living in urban and rural areas falls into the category of indicators Rural and/or Urban Development. Generally, the more developed countries tend to have a higher number of urban population than rural population. This facilitates access to basic services such as water resources, health care or education services. As a result one cas say that the higher the ratio of urban population to rural population, the higher the standard of living in a given country.
Numbers show a global tendency of the migration of people towards ruban areas, and this trend applies to our country as well.

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2010). World Urbanization Prospects : The 2009 Revision.
Comments and analysis: Open Data Albania (ODA)

Years 1950-1990 are characterized by a relatively high population growth, in average of 13%. This increase was also reflected in the standard of living in urban and rural areas. Still the pace of growth in urban areas was constantly higher than in rural areas.

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2010). World Urbanization Prospects : The 2009 Revision.
Comments and analysis: Open Data Albania (ODA)


Years 1990-1995 marked important developments. During this time total population decreased by about 4.73% compared to previous years, primarily as a result of two main factors: emmigration and lower rate of births. At the same time, the population in rural areas fell for the first time, by 8.45%, whereas the population in rural areas grew by only 1.76%. At this time people were free to choose to live in the cities or villages, and their movement was not controlled anymore by the state. The opportunity for a more comfortable life and even more importantly better employment opportunities caused the rural population to fall even further, and the urban population to grow further.

Even future projections show a continuation of the migration from rural to urban areas. Starting with 2010, the population structure will be balanced 50% vs 50%. In 2020, the ratio of urban to rural population is projected to reach 60% to 40% and after year 2035 the urban population will reach 70%.


Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2010). World Urbanization Prospects : The 2009 Revision.
Comments and analysis: Open Data Albania (ODA)


All the data is presented in the table below:

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2010). World Urbanization Prospects : The 2009 Revision.
Comments and analysis: Open Data Albania (ODA)





Excel datasets : XML, N3 datasets :
    Contributer: Blerta Zilja, MSc
    Translated by: Open Data Albania