2020-10-19 09:40:46 Last update: 2020-10-19 09:40:46

Indicators on the export and import of electricity according to the International Trade Centre 2008-2013

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Open Data Albania is exploring on the price, quantity and values in export - import of electricity in the years 2008-2013. Pursuant to the requirements of the Albanian Market Model, imports of electricity for public needs in our country are carried out by the wholesale public supplier (WPS) that consists in KESH, CEZ Distribution JSC and Qualified Suppliers. By the end of 2013 in our country there were 23 entities licensed as qualified supplier; 55 entities for trading electricity and 88 subjects for the production of electricity.

Exports of electricity, both in quantity and value have increased from 2008 to 2010. Then, in the following two years, namely 2011 and 2012 there is a major decreased in the export of electricity. In the past year, the situation in export improved, undergoing a 226% annual increase in the quantity exported.

In the years taken under consideration, the main export destinations of electricity, both in quantity and value, refer to countries like Greece, Switzerland, Serbia. Also, the Czech Republic and Slovenia are important places in electricity trade in the past four years. Other export destinations are Austria, Bulgaria, France, Montenegro, etc., but in lower quantity, lower value and shorter periods.

Quantity of exports by destination 2008-2013



Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA


Quantity of exports by destination 2008-2013



Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA
 

The average export price of electricity has declined continuously over the years 2008-2011. In 2012 there was an improvement in the average export price of electricity, but this increase did not last very long, because in 2013 the average export price of electricity fell by 35% compared with a year ago.

Besides changes year after year, the average export price of electricity has also changed according to the destinations, being traded sometimes above average and sometimes below, depending on the country. For 2013, only Greece and Serbia purchased energy from our country with a price over the average of the year.

The average export price according to the destinations in 2008-2013

Value ALL per Kw/hr


Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA




Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA


Imports of electricity have followed a reverse trend compared to exports, but in all the years we have a negative trade balance, where the values and quantities of imports are greater than values and quantities of exports. From 2008 to 2010 there was a decrease in the quantity and value of imports of electricity, whereas in 2011, 2012 we had an increase in the quantity and value of imports of electricity.

Our country has continuously purchased electricity during these years from Serbia, Czech Republic and Switzerland. Some of the countries from where we import electricity are Greece, Hungary, France, Slovenia, but in lower quantity and lower value.

The value of imports by the country of purchase 2008-2013



Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA


The quantity of imports by country of purchase 2008-2013




Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA

The average purchase price of electricity from imports has been declining over the years 2008-2010. In the following two years, the average purchase price of electricity increased, but in 2013 was characterized by a decrease of 24% compared with a year ago. The average purchase price of electricity from imports is different depending on the countries from where the electricity was purchased. For 2013, Montenegro and Serbia are the countries that sold electricity cheaper to the Albanian state.

The average purchase price of electricity from imports by country 2008-2013
Value ALL per KW / hr


Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA



Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA


During 2013 our country has purchased and sold electricity from countries like the Czech Republic; France; Greece; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia; Switzerland. Our country has exported electricity to these countries at a price lower than the import price from the same countries. Larger differences between the export price and the import price are identified with countries like Switzerland, France, and Czech Republic. Smaller differences correspond to neighbor countries like Serbia, Montenegro, that sell electricity cheaper to our country.


Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA


Our country is in an unfavorable position compared to the countries of the region. The average export price of electricity in 2013 ranks our country at the bottom of the list for the lowest price, with just 4.39 ALL per KW / hr. All other countries in the region have traded electricity in 2013 with an average price of 6 ALL KW / hr.


Source: International Trade Centre  
Comments and analysis: ODA




Excel datasets : XML, N3 datasets :
    Contributer: Ina Baja
    Translated by: Viola Qefalia
    Edited by: ODA
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